世界衛生組織治療愛滋病人新指引

November 30, 2009 at 2:38 am | Posted in hiv | Leave a comment
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世界衛生組織就治療愛滋病人發出新指引,建議受HIV病毒感染的病人,包括孕婦,比目前早一兩年接受抗逆轉錄病毒藥物的治療,更首次提出,感染HIV病毒的婦女及她們的嬰兒,在餵哺母乳時,就要服藥,避免母嬰感染。 世衛又建議逐漸停用、目前被廣泛採用的治療愛滋病藥物司他呋啶(d4T),指藥物會對病人造成長期及無法改善的副作用,包括神經失常,令病人感覺手腳麻木及灼痛,及流失脂肪等,認為應該改用副作用相對較少的多夫定(AZT)或替諾福韋(TDF)。世衛估計,全球有三千三百多萬人感染愛滋病,三分之二的患者都來自撒哈拉非洲地區。

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