Endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation–when, why and how to do it. An on-line video tutorial.

October 13, 2008 at 2:02 pm | Posted in medicine | Leave a comment
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Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

KEYPOINTS: Endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery (ESPAL) has recently become the treatment of choice for refractory epistaxis. This paper reviews the background, indications and potential complications of ESPAL. The main focus of this article is an online video tutorial on the anatomy and surgical technique of ESPAL. Web links lead to video clips of operative steps and therefore this paper should be read in front of a computer with access to the Internet. To study the techniques the links detailed below should be followed. (For computers running RealPlayer software the .wmv extension in each of these links should be replaced with the .rm extension.) * Incision, http://nhsgg.org.uk/content/streams/Figure3.wmv * Flap elevation, http://nhsgg.org.uk/content/streams/Figure4.wmv * Pedicle location, http://www.nhsgg.org.uk/content/streams/Figure5.wmv * Clip application, http://www.nhsgg.org.uk/content/streams/Figure6.wmv.


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